About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a nation in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one particular of the biggest populations in the planet. The nation is an archipelago of a significant group of islands surrounded by crystal crystal clear h2o and gorgeous and distinctive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the biggest is Luzon, at one zero five sq. kilometres and just around fifty per cent of the islands in the nation have names, and only 350 islands are even larger than two and a 50 percent kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain range can be located on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the leading of the mountain reaches around 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be located on the next biggest island in the nation Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like several other mountains in the nation Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon is also the web site of the money of Manila the biggest and most essential Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of yrs Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the middle section of the Philippine islands. The biggest islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the nation and the next biggest island in the Philippines the island steps ninety four,seven-hundred sq. kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands were fashioned by volcanoes and are section of a mountain chain that is mostly under h2o. The inside of most of the islands have several rugged mountains with dense rain forest and due to the fact of the repeated rain slide there are several rivers streams and waterfalls that frequently surge down the mountain sides. Because of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain slide the Philippines is endowed with magnificent sceneries inside the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Sadly a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing in advance of the Spanish arrived in the 1500 around ninety per cent of the Philippine islands were covered in rain forest. To day the nation has shed close to one particular-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been utilised and slash down for its timber and to crystal clear land for farms and properties.

The shoreline

With around 7000 islands the nation has a coastline line far more than 36,300 kilometres in duration. The beaches and shoreline varies across the nation are incredibly sandy in destinations this kind of as Boracay which is popular for its gorgeous picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical vegetation and palm trees growing on these magnificent beaches. On some island coastline traces are incredibly rocky in place and in some destinations you will discover grey white sand beaches and significant inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos count on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personalized working day-to-working day living needs this kind of as drinking and washing. Pasig River is one particular of the biggest rivers in the nation and flows via the money of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Because the nation is sitting on the pacific ring of fire signifies the Philippines have a large amount of active Volcanoes. One particular of the most popular volcanic eruptions take place in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for several hundreds of yrs Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted far more than one thousand people today killed or wounded and still left thousands of people today homeless. The explosion created a large ash cloud that covered far more than one hundred twenty five thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the place in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also identified as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight moments in the previous four hundred yrs. Mount Mayo located on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the yr 2003. The Mayo volcano is a perfectly formed cone that towers 2462 meters over the land. Mayon Very last key eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and covered an additional two with volcanic ash and sizzling larva about 1600 people today died due to this eruption.

The Philippine Folks

For thousands of yrs several diverse types people today and nations have been section of the Philippines the final result is a nation and people today with a distinctive blend of several cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age people today settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the nation was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by readers from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the initial European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult men were killed during the struggle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family members faith and instruction are incredibly essential in Filipino society.

Weather conditions living in the metropolis or the nation or on an isolated island loved ones, faith and instruction are incredibly really valued by virtually each and every one particular Filipinos have several beneficial values this kind of as respect for authority and a large regard for the dignity of all the people today.


Most Filipinos hold robust religious beliefs they frequently get section in religious ceremonies rejoice holy times with significant festivals. The Spanish where incredibly prosperous in changing the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, 5 % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the biggest no Christian group in the nation. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits identified as anitos they thought theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Numerous Filipinos believe that in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an essential section in the day by day everyday living of most Filipinos.The Philippine people today worship Christ mother Mary and other holy people today named saints several Filipinos adorn their properties trics jeepneys boats universities of photos of Christ and mother Mary.

Nearby islands and china released Islam to the Philippines nowadays there are quite a few million Filipinos that stick to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos apply Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most significant Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino loved ones

The Filipino loved ones the basic units of the Philippine social corporation which contains the father the mother and small children the bilateral prolonged loved ones which incorporates all kin of the Father and Mom. Of special significance the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their loved ones as a resource of energy and security. It is not unusual for single daughters and sons to reside at property with their mom and dad, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The loved ones are incredibly close and if a person desires enable other people chip in and do what they can to enable the loved ones member in will need. The father-husband is the head of the loved ones and is commonly unconditionally obeyed by his wife and small children. The father purpose and duty is to fulfill the economic desires of the loved ones. The Filipino father is the key resource of self-control in the loved ones and in some cases employs corporal punishment on both sons and daughters whilst corporal punishment utilised on small children in the Philippines is now gradually getting utilised less and less due to the Philippine culture training and implementing new values on elevating small children. The small children a large amount of Filipino mothers pamper their small children these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the small children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and expectations are saved beneath the child’s opportunity this treatment and passion lavished upon the small children produces a feeling of belonging and security. As a final result the small children will normally lead to parent’s economic guidance and emotional guidance and security. The classic Filipino wife and mother get treatment of all the aspects to make certain the loved ones capabilities as a living and loving organised loved ones unit. The mother is in demand of the property and all the aspects pertaining to the small children this kind of as cooking the loved ones meal observing the small children are clothed and completely ready for college the paying of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other home bills. Odd as it may possibly look girls share equivalent place with male in Philippine culture female participation in experienced get the job done and politics is entirely accepted this equality can be traced back again to historic Malayan tradition.


Instruction Filipino small children attend six yrs of elementary college and four yrs of large college. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys key official languages. Additional than ninety% of all elementary attend government universities. From June till March Filipino small children commit their times at college lessons begin around 8 in the early morning in the cities like Manila and in some cases around seven am in the rural spots in advance of lessons begin the small children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a incredibly large literacy price which most people today in the nation can browse and write sadly due to the large unemployment price and the minimal income paid to reduce class staff this kind of as farmers and labours some small children have to fall out of college to get the job done and enable to guidance their households and some small children attend universities that do not have ample college provides and gear this kind of as textbooks desks and chairs and computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 diverse key dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass instruction of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino everyday living. English was released so diverse people today living in diverse sections of the Philippines could recognize one particular an additional. The American declared English the nation official language during the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government made the decision to swap English with a language named Filipino also identified as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language especially all through some of the key cities. Now Filipino and English are the nation official languages. In diverse sections of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can communicate anywhere up to four languages and some moments far more especially the people today who have traveled and lived in diverse sections of the nation. For example theses Filipinos can communicate the language from the place they grew up in and lived in as a little one they also can communicate English and Tagalog and in some cases an additional language that is native to where they reside as an adult or learnt as a little one. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a solitary Filipino can communicate.

The people today classic living

50 % of the Philippine population reside in the nation around mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are several types of classic properties Bahay kubo is a classic rural property some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are designed from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and tired down to timber or bamboo to sort the roof. Other people today in the nation side reside in wood property and other low-priced timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The far more wealthy nation Filipino reside in a larger extravagant modern day property and residences are designed from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Modest Island and nation spots the property has one particular key place with a several items of household furniture and mats on the floor where the loved ones sleeps.The kitchen is commonly in an additional place with a wood burning stove and in some cases a small fuel stove relying on how isolated the loved ones is from the closest city. In the larger nation towns several of the native residences have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in small villages whilst now far more and far more Modest Islands and villages are getting electrical energy but there is nonetheless a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine people today that reside in an place that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing get h2o from a community perfectly and burn off kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The initial people today who migrated to the Philippine islands utilised barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the very best signifies of transportation of excellent and items from island to an additional people today also count on these ships as ferries due to the fact the cost of a plane ticket are incredibly high-priced for the very low income households. Banca a slim wood boat with an out boat motor hooked up to the back again. The boat has wood and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that purpose like platoons preventing the boat from tipping around or capsizing. Early Filipinos utilised these small boats to trade and get provides from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are generally utilised as people today ferries and significant commercial fishing boats.The smaller banca boats are utilised for smaller journeys in calmer h2o. A classic sort of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this sort of transportation are nonetheless well-liked in some nation towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus designed from jeeps still left guiding by the US military. The jeeps where reworked in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and styles and adorned with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller brother the stainless steel jeep was designed and generated for simple good reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the atmosphere was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and generated the initial jeep the jeep involves less servicing due to the fact it is tough and does not rust. The jeep is an suitable Philippine vehicle due to the fact they are adapted to the distinctive Philippine local weather especially from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.

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